Nursing Evidence-Based Practice Skills (Prepare for Practice)

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Nursing Evidence-Based Practice Skills (Prepare for Practice)

Nursing Evidence-Based Practice Skills (Prepare for Practice)

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Each week Nursing Times publishes a guided learning article with reflection points to help you with your CPD. After reading the article you should be able to: Gordon, DB., Dahl, JL., Miaskowski, C., McCarberg, B., Todd, KH., Paice, JA., Lipman, AG., Bookbinder, M., Sanders, SH. and Turk, DC. (2005). American pain society recommendations for improving the quality of acute and cancer pain management. Arch Intern Med, 165(14), pp.1574-1580. Nursing students require a unique guide to research and evidence based practice to help them succeed in both the classroom and the clinical area. Nursing Evidence-Based Practice Skills is a one-stop-shop of the theory and practice of EBP including practical tips for assignments and placements. The findings from this study show that there are various factors which could affect the use of pain assessment and management in patients unable to communicate. Due to these patients not being able to self-report, their pain cannot be properly assessed and treated. Farahani et al. (2008) stated that inadequacy of training courses for pain measurement was one of the significant barriers to the use of non-verbal pain assessment scales. The findings are presented as codes, subcategories, and categories using an inductive approach.

The critiquing frameworks enables readers to make a judgement regarding the soundness of the research. It is possible to critique a piece of research without using a critiquing framework, but the frameworks are very useful for those who are not used to critiquing research. What do academic journals expect? Both articles agree with the barriers which prevent nurses carrying out pain assessment efficiently in nonverbal patients, they both have similar findings. A different search strategy would not be used next time as suitable articles were found. Both articles represent patient’s values and expectations as they state throughout each article the importance of an efficient pain assessment, so the patient is pain free. Both papers have used the best research they could find when explaining why efficient pain assessment and management is important within the ICU setting. Royal College of Nursing (RCN) (2015) Pain knowledge and skills framework [online]. [Accessed 20/02/2019]. Available at: https://www.rcn.org.uk/professional-development/publications/pub-004984

Why does PICO have a gun?

Our academic experts are ready and waiting to assist with any writing project you may have. From simple essay plans, through to full dissertations, you can guarantee we have a service perfectly matched to your needs. View our services A qualitative study using semi-structured interviews and analysis which was done using an inductive approach. Critical appraisal will also be carried out to confirm whether or not the information from the articles is relevant. Critical appraisal is an evaluation to assess the outcome of the evidence and ensure that this information is methodically and trustworthy, and most important that it can be used in clinical practice (Gerrish & Lathlean, 2015). Moule et al (2017) also defines critical appraisal as a process that analyses the strengths and weaknesses of an article of research.

The following are some of the characteristics of qualitative research: 1. Qualitative researchers collect field data at the locations where participants experience the problem or issue to be studied. Qualitative researchers do not change the environmental settings and activities of the participants. What is criticism of qualitative research? The majority of research is never published even though it may have the potential to make a valuable contribution to the development of nursing knowledge. Caution should still be exercised as to whether published research is repetitive of previous research or conducted well - hence the reason for a critiquing framework - and adds to the body of nursing knowledge. What are the critiquing frameworks for qualitative research trying to do? LoBiondo-Wood, G. and Haber, J. (2014). Nursing research: methods and critical appraisal for evidence-based practice. 8 th ed. St Louis: Elsevier. Throughout Dunscombe, (2018) article the author cited copious amounts of studies that states relevant factors towards evidence-based practice within nursing. However, the writer feels some studies were out of date as to ensure all information is up to date and relevant, articles should try not be cited that are more than 5 years stated by Grove, Gray and Burns (2015). Although there is no set rule for this, the references cited should be current (Grove, Gray and Burns 2015).Once you are happy with your search strings and have tried them out in a database, it is very likely that you will need to refine your results in some way. What you need to do next will depend on the results you end up with. For example, do you have too many results? Too few? Are they relevant to your topic?

Creswell, J.W., Clark, P VL (2011) Designing and Conducting Mixed Methods Research 2nd Ed. Scotland: Sage Publications The participants in this study were 26 intensive care nurses from a hospital in Central Virginia. There were 31 surveys given out to intensive care nurses, 26 of them participated in the study. The experience of the participants as nurses and as nurses in an intensive care unit ranged from less than two to greater than ten years. Within qualitative research there are different approaches (methodologies). These may be more easily understood by returning to the example used in the first article of the series. This discussed a patient being asked about their experiences of receiving different treatment for hypertension.The current paper suggests that the following guidelines be used when a qualitative research paper is being examined: the topic must be appropriate for qualitative enquiry; the specific qualitative research method chosen must “fit”; the literature reviewed should be consistent with the method chosen; there should be. What is critique framework? Lovin, R. (2017) Study of Nurses’ Attitudes and Practices towards Pain Evaluation in Nonverbal Patients. Montview Liberty University Journal of Undergraduate Research [online]. 3(1), pp.1-34. [Accessed 19/02/2019]. Available at: https://digitalcommons.liberty.edu/montview/vol3/iss1/4/ Aveyard, H. Goodman,M. Mould, P. (2017) Nursing research an introduction. 3rd ed. London: Sage publications. Quantitative research is a social science research that delivers their finding through gathering non-numerical data. It explores to answers questions about why or how a distinct phenomenon occurs (Nery, 2017). Fain (2017) states that this type of research has been used in nursing in a broad and adequate way to explore evidence-based practice. Quantitative research is connected to provide data detailing links and understanding research paradigms that can be gathered slowly through the collection of data (Ellis,2016). Question you want to ask of the literature: How effective is the management and assessment of pain in the hospital setting for adults in the intensive care unit setting.

The CriticalAppraisal Skills Programme (CASP) tool helps people evaluate research papers in healthcare. It uses a step-by-step approach and asks questions about things like how the study was done and what the results mean. By using CASP, you can figure out if a study is reliable and can be used to make decisions. Parahoo, K. (2014). Nursing Research – Principles, Process and Issues. 3 rd Ed. London: Palgrave Macmillan. Critiquing frameworks enable readers to make a judgement regarding the soundness of the research. While it is possible to critique a piece of research without them, frameworks serve as useful aides-memoires for those who are not used to critiquing research. Why use Holland and Rees critiquing? Haines, A. Donald, A (2002) Getting research findings into practice 2nd Edition. London: BMJ Publishing Group. Ellis, P. (2013). Understanding Research for Nursing Students. 2 nd Ed. London: Learning Matters (SAGE).There are a variety of methods of data collection in qualitative research, including observations, textual or visual analysis (eg from books or videos) and interviews (individual or group). However, the most common methods used, particularly in healthcare research, are interviews and focus groups. Why does PICO have a gun? Many of the issues affecting quantitative research reported in the second article in this series (Lee, 2006b) also apply to qualitative research, such as restrictions on word limits. This makes it important for readers to examine author guidelines for the particular journal.



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